Family planning Pledge two or fewer Human population planning One-child policy Two-child policy Population biology Population decline Population density Physiological density Population dynamics Population growth Population model Population pyramid Projections of population growth. Barnard Rynn Berry T. Another important philosophical influence on deep ecology was Mohandas Gandhi. Deep ecology’s core principle is the claim that, like humanity, the living environment as a whole has the same right to live and flourish. Instead, she appeals to human goods Naess drew heavily on Gandhi’s notions of self-realization, a wider Self, and nonviolent civil disobedience.

Development The phrase “deep ecology” was coined by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess in ,[1] and he helped give it a theoretical foundation. Works Cited Bookchin, Murray. The criticism is that the interests that a deep ecologist purports to give to non-human organisms such as survival, reproduction, growth and prosperity are really human interests. It provides a foundation for the environmental and green movements and has led to a new system of environmental ethics. As a consequence, civilization is causing mass extinction at a rate between species a day and possibly , species a year, which is 10, times the background rate of extinction. Further, both hold that the actions of modern civilization threaten global ecological well-being.

arne naess deep ecology essay

Social ecologists like him believe that environmental problems are firmly rooted in the manner of arnf social interaction, and suggest that deep ecologists fail to recognise the potential for human beings to solve environmental issues through a change of cultural attitudes. Deep ecology is naturally attractive to biocentrists, but this argument extends its appeal, at least as a tactical tool, to anthropocentric environmentalists.

Retrieved 7 January Ecofeminists neass also place more emphasis on the problem of androcentrism rather than anthropocentrism.

Deep ecology Environmental ethics Subfields of ecology Environmental social science concepts Spinoza studies. Works Cited Bookchin, Murray. Peter Singer ‘s book Animal Liberation critiqued anthropocentrism and put the case for animals to be given moral consideration. Spiritual The central spiritual tenet deel deep ecology is that the human species is a part of the Earth and not separate from it.

Daring to Care: Deep Ecology and Effective Popular Environmentalism | Sustainability at Harvard

Ecological wisdom Social justice Grassroots democracy Nonviolence. This thesis rests on Meeker’s study of comparative literature, his work with biologist Konrad Lorenzand his work as a field ecologist in the National Park Service in Alaska, Oregon, and California. Retrieved from ” https: They hired a fishing vessel and sailed towards the nuclear test site in protest.


arne naess deep ecology essay

Those who subscribe to the foregoing points have an obligation directly or indirectly to try to implement the necessary changes. Some activism focused on war and peace and the issue of nuclear weapons.

Deep ecology

Crop art Environmental art Environmental sculpture Land art Landscape painting Photography conservation landscape nature wildlife Sculpture trail Site-specific art Sustainable art. In recognizing the principle that all living beings have intrinsic worth, there is an acknowledgement that they are good for their own sake.

This can be seen as a part of a process of expanding the prevailing system of ethics to wider groupings. She explained in practical terms how living beings are interrelated within ecosystems. Deep ecologists claim to identify with non-human nature, and in doing so, deny those who claim that non-human or non-sentient lifeforms’ needs or interests are nonexistent or unknowable.

Both begin with an ideology and are political and social in focus.

In citing these authors, Carson establishes a dsep context for her modest ethical claims, commensurate with the modest environmental philosophy available at the time, and lays the groundwork for more biocentric authors.

Civilization and the Birth of EducationLayla AbdelRahim argues that the current institutions responsible for the construction and transmission of civilized epistemology are driven by the destructive premises at the foundation of civilization and human predatory culture.

Daring to Care: Deep Ecology and Effective Popular Environmentalism

Cultural ecology Cultural landscape Ecolinguistics Ecological anthropology Ecosemiotics Environmental anthropology Ethnoecology Traditional ecological knowledge. Deep ecology describes itself as “deep” because it persists in asking deeper questions concerning “why” and ecoloogy and thus is concerned with the fundamental philosophical questions about the impacts of human life as one part of the ecosphere, rather than with a narrow view of ecology as a branch of biological science, and aims to avoid merely anthropocentric environmentalism, which is concerned with conservation of the environment only for exploitation by and for humans purposes, ecollogy excludes the fundamental philosophy of deep ecology.


Aesthetics of nature Dee; Cosmology Critical realism Deep ecology Ecofeminism Ecophenomenology Ecosophy Environmental ethics Environmental justice Environmental philosophy Materialism Natural philosophy Philosophy of mind Philosophy of science Social ecology. Deep ecology is often framed in terms of the idea of a much broader sociality; it recognizes diverse communities of life on Earth that are composed not only through biotic factors but also, where applicable, through ethical relations, that is, the valuing of other beings as more than just resources.

Choose Language Javascript is required to use this website translatorfree translator. The deep ecological movement could be defined as those within the green movement who hold deep afne views.

Transpersonal psychology has been used by Warwick Fox to support this idea.

arne naess deep ecology essay

David Levine, ed It provides a foundation for the environmental and green movements and has led to a new system of environmental ethics. Agroecology Anthrozoology Behavioral geography Community studies Demography Design ecological environmental Ecological humanities Economics energy thermo Environmental education ethics law science studies Ethnobiology botany ecology zoology Forestry Industrial ecology Integrated geography Permaculture Rural sociology Science, technology and society science studies Sustainability science studies Systems ecology Urban ecology geography metabolism studies.

Nonetheless, they can agree on certain courses of action and certain broad principles, especially at the international level.

Deep ecology – Wikipedia

Core Writing Team, R. This metaphysical idea is elucidated in Warwick Fox ‘s claim that humanity and all other beings are “aspects of a single unfolding reality”. A Challenge for the Ecology Movement”.

Despite all this, Lovelock does not commit to using biocentrism as a strategy in persuasive argument.