Pupils resented work set above or below their ability, criticised teachers who catered for the lowest common denominator and felt that good teachers individualised homework. On balance it seems likely that children will still be asking to undertake homework, but schools must take the lead in redefining the homework agenda and putting student learning at its centre. Boys appeared to dislike homework spending the least amount of time on it. Other editions – View all Homework: These findings may simply indicate that pupils who like a particular subject spend more time doing homework for that subject. This may be detrimental to them in the long term because of the extreme pressures that they put themselves under Murphy and Elwood ; Weston The role of homework in attainment; 3.

Aksoy and Link found that extra daily minutes spent in mathematics classes and in doing homework increased student maths test scores while extra hours per day of watching television negatively impacted on test scores. As pupils progressed through school the first of these was cited more frequently, the others less so. For students with high levels of self-perceived homework achievement and positive attitudes towards homework, motivation was influenced by parents and teachers. The findings showed that three-member teams were preferable in organising cooperative learning for mathematics homework. This is supported by Kotsopoulou who found cultural differences between Greek, US, UK and Japanese students in their preferences for listening to background music while studying.

These relationships held even when background factors were controlled for, eg gender, ethnicity, age and eligibility for free school meals.

Ahllam verbal material often acts as a distraction Mitchellthe effect of music can be positive Miller ; Mitchell although complex multi-faceted models are necessary to account for its effects Hallam and Katsarou On balance it seems likely that children will still tje asking to undertake homework, but schools must take the lead in redefining the homework agenda and putting student learning at its centre.


These images were reflected in the way that students did homework. Homework was perceived as easier if it was better explained, if there was less of it, if it was more interesting, if there was more time to do it, and if there was someone to help.

homework the evidence by susan hallam

These findings may simply indicate that pupils who like a particular subject spend more time doing homework for that subject. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the hhomework Kindle App.

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The differential access of students to books and the internet at home may limit the extent to which some students can gain the most benefit from completing their homework.

In mathematics, where a certain amount of work may be set, even those who enjoy mathematics will be limited in the amount of time they spend, while those who find it difficult and may enjoy it less may take longer to complete homework. While higher ability groups in secondary school tend to be set more homework, at primary level, Farrow homewirk al reported that there was almost no correlation between the amount of homework reported by pupils and their non-verbal ability.

Conclusions Generally, students seem to believe that homework is important in assisting them to do well at school. The role of homework in attainment; 3.


As pupils progress through secondary school the time of starting work tends to be later. These responses occurred across all age levels.

Your shopping cart is empty Visit the shop. The final chapter considers the future of homework, including interventions to support pupils, and proposes a model providing a framework for thinking about homework. Early Years homwwork Primary Education. High percentages of pupils claimed that they took time over homework and thought about what they were doing: This association was least marked in mathematics and most marked in reading and science.

Pupils’ perspectives on homework | Education | The Guardian

Studies in a range of countries have shown that where students have a desk, dictionary and computer at home they tend to have higher test scores Martin et al ; Mullis et al Keith and Benson and May and Lynn found that students from Asian backgrounds spent more time on homework than students from other ethnic groups.


Middle and low achievers all benefited from cooperative work, whereas high achievers did not, although they still maintained their top position in mathematics. Join our mailing list. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Once again there was large variation between schools MacBeath and Turner The Evidence Susan Hallam No preview available – These are sensible and reasonable demands.

Farrow et alresearching in England, found that frequency of doing homework was related to positive attitudes to school among Year 6 pupils but these data did not hold at the level of the school.

homework the evidence by susan hallam

Typically, there is disagreement about homework’s benefits. Pupils’ attitudes towards homework Pupils’ attitudes towards homework are often influenced by peer group and community factors Cooper a, b; Ulrich ; Murphy and DeckerReetz ; Miller and Kelley ; Pratt et al ; Chen and Stevenson There is evidence that there are positive relationships between attitudes towards homework and positive attitudes towards school Chen and Stevenson ; Keys et al ; Leung Self-concept measures were slightly related to the reported amounts of homework.

Homework The Evidence Bedford Way Papers, Susan Hallam. (Paperback )

No eBook available Amazon. Further chapters explore different types of homework and their effects and teachers’, pupils’ and parents’ perspectives on homework. Where classes are mixed ability the homework that is set is likely to be similar for all pupils.