Strategies of the Swadeshi movement involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic products and production processes. The Post-Independence “Swadeshi Movement” has developed forth differently than its pre-independence counterpart. All these gave the police a good opportunity to interfere. A man selling or buying foreign goods or in any way opposing swadeshi Movement and helping Government in putting it down would be subjected to various degrees of humiliation. Like the Boycott, the Swadeshi as a purely economic measure for the growth of Indian Industry was not an altogether novel idea in India. All this produced a storm of indignation in the country and the Indian-owned Press denounced the circulars in the strongest language.
The official reason given for the decision was that Bengal with a population of 78 million about a quarter of the population of British India had become too big to be administered. Foreign cigarettes were bought and burnt in the streets, Brahmins refused to assist any religious ceremonies in houses where European salt and sugar were used and Marwaris were warned of importing foreign articles. The Swadeshi movement started with the partition of Bengal by the Viceroy of India , Lord Curzon in and continued up to This need to preserve the old fabric of an agrarian country while simultaneously modernising, necessitated a resurgence of a slightly recast “Swadeshi Movement”. More important still, the movement with its extended connotation was no longer confined to Bengal but spread to the whole of India. Secondly, it was regarded as essential for the revival of indigenous industry which being at its infant stage could never grow in the face of free competition with foreign countries which had highly developed industry. Journal of Peace Research.
More important still, the movement with its extended connotation was no longer confined to Bengal but spread to the whole of India. The clothes produced were esxay coarse but were accepted by the Bengalis in the true spirit of the Swadeshi Movement.
The proposal of partition of Bboycott became publicly known infollowed by immediate and spontaneous protests all over Bengal. It was the most successful of the pre-Gandhian movement.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Swadeshi emphasized “Aatma shakti” or soul force.
The social boycott was a very powerful weapon. The first was to bring pressure upon the British public by the pecuniary loss they would suffer by the boycott of British goods, particularly the Manchester cotton swadeshu for which Bengal provided the richest market in India.
The students of some colleges in Rangpur defied the Government orders and when they were fined, the guardians refused to pay the fine and stabled a national school for the boys who were expelled. It was no longer confined to its primary object of industrial regeneration and boycotting British goods.
Though affected inthe partition proposals had come onto the public domain as erite as Western clothes were thrown onto bonfires. The partition of the state intended to curb Bengali influence by not only placing Bengalis under two administrations, but by reducing them to a minority in Bengal itself. A man selling or buying foreign goods or in any way opposing swadeshi Movement and helping Government in putting it down would be subjected to various degrees of humiliation.
This phase is marked by moderate techniques of protest such as petitions, public meetings, press campaign, etc. The ideas of Swadeshi and economic boycott was kept alive and brought home to every door by articles in newspapers, processions, popular songs, enrollment of volunteers to keep vigilant watch and by occasion bonfires of foreign cloth, salt and sugar.
In the official note, Risley, the Home Secretary to the Government of India said, “Bengal united is power; Bengal divided will pull several different ways”.
The Post-Independence “Swadeshi Movement” has developed forth movemetn than its pre-independence counterpart.
In the economic sense, Swadeshi would represent both a positive and a negative element. These ‘Regulation Lathis’, as they were called, were freely used by the police in the first instance to drive away the picketers and to disperse crowds, whether rioters or peaceful, if they were supposed to be sympathetic to the picketing volunteers. Secondly, it was regarded as essential for the revival of indigenous industry which being at its infant seadeshi could never grow in the face of free competition with foreign countries which had highly developed industry.
Retrieved August swafeshi, The economic boycott movement seemed to be a suitable opportunity for reviving that industry.
Swadeshi movement – Wikipedia
essay All these gave the police a good opportunity to interfere. Gandhi prized above everything else should be specially emphasized. No less significant was that Swadeshi in Bengal brought into the vortex of politics a class of people-the landed aristocracy—who had hitherto held studiously aloof from the congress or any other political organization.
One particular aspect of the Swadeshi movement which M. The Direction of Public Instruction asked the principals of colleges to show causes why their students wirte took part in the picketing should not be expelled.
But such non-violent ostracism was not the only form of persecution. People picketed the shops selling foreign goods, and imported sugar was boycotted. The partition was expected to weaken what was perceived as the nerve centre of Indian nationalism.